In addition, time-coordination is simplified because the directional element restricts relay response to faults in one direction. (Forward, Reverse) • Directional relays may or may not make use of directionally controlled instantaneous units. %PDF-1.6 %���� The type KRQ relay is a high-speed directional overcurrent ground relay in which the directional unit operates on negative sequence current and voltage, and the over-current unit operates on residual or ground current. • Numerical relays determine direction by logic. Abstract – Directional overcurrent relaying (67) refers to relaying that can use the phase relationship of voltage and current to determine direction to a fault. Description of directional relays 2.1 Earth fault directional protection p. 6 2.2 Phase directional protection p. 9 2.3 Power protection p. 11 3. This scheme is preferred and extensively used in distribution feeder But in a loop as shown in fig 19.1, the last relay to be When short circuit current can go in both directions through the protection relay location, it may be required to make the response of the protection relay directional by the initiation of a directional control device. They are available with either inverse, very inverse or extremely inverse time characteristics. The supply continues overfeeder 1. The negative sequence current and voltage are obtained by means of self-contained Application of relays Over voltage, over current and over power relays, Directional or reverse power relay,Differential relay,Distance relay. Module-4 Overcurrent Protection. Non-directional Overcurrent Relay Model The MathCAD sheet below implements some basic relay calculations. Generally, directional elements are Directional Overcurrent Ground Relays Types IRP, IRC and IRD For overcurrent unit: Entering the curve in Figure 24 at multiples of pickup equal to 4.6, the closing time for instantaneous over-current is 16 ms. 19.1 Introduction Coordination of directional overcurrent relays involves setting of relays one by one so that at each stage the relay coordinates with its primary relay. 221 0 obj <>stream Relays have five current and four voltage inputs they are housed in E6 or E8 cases. 210 0 obj <> endobj If the forward trip element (FP) is a forward directional overcurrent ground relay, the BLOCK start (RP) ground relay should be a similar directional or non-directional overcurrent unit. Constructional Details and Operation of Non Directional Over Current Relay (Wattmeter Type) A directional over current relay operates when the current exceeds a specified value in a specified direction. DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT RELAY. • Mechanical and solid state relays determine direction by connection. One is a directional element, which determines the direction of current flow with respect to a voltage reference. 36 PROTECTIVE RELAY TYPES 3 CURRENT, VOLTAGE, DIRECTIONAL, CURRENT (OR VOLTAGE)-BALANCE, AND DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS Chapter 2 described the operating principles and characteristics of the basic relay elements. due to parallel lines meshed networks or networks being supplied from a number of directions. The 7SR12 includes directional control of the overcurrent and earth fault functionality and is typically installed where fault current can flow in either direction i.e. File contains the design of a digital over current relay block (Directional and Non Directional) – a key component of any protection scheme – and its performance on SIMULINK ®. If fault is behind the relay, 3I 0 will lead -3V0 by about 45 to 60 degrees and hence will lie in do not operate region. the RP and FP relay elements should be similar in function. This makes the directional overcurrent relays more costly than the non-directional type. • Directional overcurrent (67, 67N) • Distance (21, 21N) • Differential (87) Overcurrent Relays Protect Radial Lines = LOAD ++ Source Line LOAD E I Z ZZ = FAULT + Source Line E I Z m•Z I FAULT >> I LOAD . Relays are classified based on different properties. h�b```f``R``d`��� Ȁ �L@9���ߙx10(�O��`����3B�V�1˞p����i�|�n����U���]���J;̺ҟ��Z�j��h�M��(���@#�Kp04Jp4�l��@��A4�@r�ؽb�)��1 �( �"�,�]��b$��@D- ��LN To read in a data file remove the table currently at the top of the file. The device is provided by the use of extra voltage inputs to the protection relay. The relay setting converges after a couple of iterations. on interconnected systems. %%EOF Later the current in feeder 1 finding its way into feeder 2 will be detected by the directional relay D which by tripping will completely isolate the faulty feeder 2. Application Directional relay assemblies are used for overcurrent or earth fault protection when selectivity is required, e.g. 0 The overcurrent relay is defined as the relay, which operates only when the value of the current is greater than the relay setting time. 7SR220 series relays include for directional control of the overcurrent and earth fault functionality and are typically installed where fault current can flow in either direction i.e. This relay is also called earth leakage induction type relay.The overcurrent relay operates when the current in the circuit exceeds a certain preset value.The induction type nondirectional overcurrent relay has a construction similar to a watthour meter, with slight modification.The figure below shows the constructional of nondirectional induction type overcurrent relay. SOURCE cba a Fault Fault. To read in a data file remove the table currently at the top of the file. Directional overcurrent relays for ground fault protection are not usable on non grounded systems. H����n1�{�S��G�A {. Directional relay coordination in a mesh system is iterative. 1. The Type IBCG relays are ground directional overcurrent relays used primarily for the protection of feeders and transmission lines. If the power flow is in the opposite direction, the relay will not operate. This paper will review the mainstream methods by which 67 type directional decisions are made by protective relays. The file takes data read from a Comtrade file and postprocesses it. The same principle applies for the The MiCOM P12x/y relays have separate instantaneous and delayed information for each stage. Lecture -18 Directional Overcurrent Relaying This directional over current relay employs the principle of actuation of the relay, when the fault current flows into the relay in a particular direction. 13 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 15 /H [ 1262 285 ] /L 42503 /E 27067 /N 2 /T 42125 >> endobj xref 13 43 0000000016 00000 n 0000001207 00000 n 0000001547 00000 n 0000001754 00000 n 0000002016 00000 n 0000002037 00000 n 0000002827 00000 n 0000003626 00000 n 0000003850 00000 n 0000004030 00000 n 0000004051 00000 n 0000004755 00000 n 0000005596 00000 n 0000005812 00000 n 0000006660 00000 n 0000006857 00000 n 0000006878 00000 n 0000007758 00000 n 0000007874 00000 n 0000008174 00000 n 0000008253 00000 n 0000008459 00000 n 0000009243 00000 n 0000009264 00000 n 0000010116 00000 n 0000010177 00000 n 0000010238 00000 n 0000010259 00000 n 0000010949 00000 n 0000010970 00000 n 0000011849 00000 n 0000012641 00000 n 0000012856 00000 n 0000012877 00000 n 0000013630 00000 n 0000013651 00000 n 0000014441 00000 n 0000015360 00000 n 0000016286 00000 n 0000016364 00000 n 0000026839 00000 n 0000001262 00000 n 0000001526 00000 n trailer << /Size 56 /Info 12 0 R /Root 14 0 R /Prev 42115 /ID[<820fab85338d5f26a182071cc96fc3de><820fab85338d5f26a182071cc96fc3de>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 14 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 11 0 R >> endobj 54 0 obj << /S 98 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 55 0 R >> stream on interconnected systems. In [9] A new design of Overcurrent relay OCR by using FPGA and present the type of IDMT for OCR protection . INTRODUCTION Directional elements determine the fault direction. Hence, earth fault directional unit will not pick-up. Lecture -14 Fuse Protection; Lecture -15 Fundamentals of Overcurrent Protection; Lecture -16 PSM Setting and Phase Relay Coordination (Tutorial) Lecture -17 Earth Fault Protection using Overcurrent Relays; Module-5 Directional Overcurrent Protection. The relay typically consists of two elements. It contains two relaying units, over current units and the other a directional unit. I. Normally, the conventional over current relay (non-direction) will act for fault current in any direction. The matrix "data" below is the data captured from a COMTRADE "*.dat" file. Introduction 1.1 The role of directional protection equipment p. 4 1.2 Applications p. 4 1.3 The codes and symbols of the various relay types p. 5 2. When short circuit current can go in both directions through the protection relay location, it may be required to make the response of the protection relay directional by the initiation of a directional control device. MiCOM P123, P126 & P127 can indicate the phase(s) in fault by configuring output relays (first stage only) Three-phase & earth-fault directional overcurrent (67/67N) Each of the three-phase overcurrent stages of P127 & earth fault stages The relay setting is 50% to 200% in steps of 25%. Title: Two vs. Three Overcurrent Elements for Phase Fault Protection in Feeder Relays Author: GE Power Management Subject: Application Note Keywords: F35, F60, 750/760 A and B are nondirectional overcurrent relays while C and D are directional relays. %PDF-1.2 %���� Directional Overcurrent Relays Types IBC, IBCG And mcv ,DEVICE FUNCTION NUMBERS FOR USE WITH EXTERNAL DIAGRAMS 52 Power Circuit Breaker 67 - Directional Overcurrent Relays, Type mc or Type mcv 67N - Directional Ground Relay, Type mCG a - Auxiliary Contact, 0;> en when Breaker Opens Dill - Directional Unit SI - Seal-in Unit with Target Current Polarization: For providing direction feature in earth fault relay we can also use current as refrenec phasor which is called current polarization. endstream endobj 211 0 obj <> endobj 212 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 213 0 obj <>stream The IBC directional overcurrent relays are employed primarily for the protection of feeders and trans-mission lines in applications where single-phase relays are desired or required. H�b```�wlz�����(�����p��\ `s$�gS�d�f�-�U�J! 216 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<06517BBF33785848AB1CD873A8D4BF35><9AFD4E3017D67446A55BB6AA707DDCF4>]/Index[210 12]/Info 209 0 R/Length 51/Prev 1530291/Root 211 0 R/Size 222/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream logic is correct, the fault current must still exceed the overcurrent setting for the relay to trip. Directional overcurrent protection is used when it is necessary to protect the system against fault currents that could circulate in both directions through a system element, and when bi-directional overcurrent protection could produce unnecessary disconnection of circuits. Timing characteristics Instantaneous relay,Definite time lag relay,Inverse time lag relay,Inverse definite minimum time (IDMT) lag relay. It protects the equipment of the power system from the fault current. They are used to control overcurrent elements, supervise distance elements for increased security, and form quadrilateral distance characteristics. Learn more about Chapter 7: Directional Overcurrent Relays on GlobalSpec. DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT RELAY. guidance on applying and setting modern directional relays. Lab 2B: Directional Overcurrent Relay Model The MathCAD sheet below implements some basic relay calculations. Directional overcurrent relays can be set more sensitive than non-directional overcurrent relays. h�bbd``b`:$�@���?+���,F$�?㏿ �T� Differential protection scheme is based on comparison of measured variables such as current and voltage at the two ends of a line via a communication channel such as pilot wire. There are a variety of concepts by which this task is done. endstream endobj startxref @`� �8�a��F�> `e`��H��.XD����� 3#���\k�[3``�v �%�y���o�\���xxx��00. The file takes data read from a Comtrade file and postprocesses it. When … The matrix "data" below is the data captured from a COMTRADE "*.dat" file. Relays 2.1 earth fault directional unit Comtrade `` *.dat '' file matrix `` data '' below is data! 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